Cracked heels, technically known as heel fissures, are a condition in which the outer layer of the skin, epidermis breaks open into straight and fine cracks. Since the heels are almost always in contact with rough and hard surfaces, its skin is especially prone to wear and tear. Sometimes, the cracks run deeper into the skin, causing bleeding and acute pain. The primary reason for cracked heels is the lack of proper care and moisturizing of the skin on the heels and toes. Excessive pressure of the skin caused by prolonged standing or walking, or excess body weight may lead to heel fissures. Unhygienic conditions induced by ill-fitting footwear and inadequate cleaning of the feet may also lead to this condition. The deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals can also sometimes cause the heels to crack. The most common symptoms that precede the cracking of heels are the appearance of red and itchy patches and peeling of skin.
Home Remedies To Cure Dry Cracked Heels
A few home remedies can effectively cure this problem.
- Applying the pulp of a raw banana on the heel and leaving it on for ten minutes before washing is an effective remedy.
- Soak your feet in a solution of lukewarm water and lemon juice once every week for a gradual improvement in the texture of the skin on your heels.
- You could also apply a mixture of rosewater and glycerin on your heels to soothe the fissures.
- Every night soak your feet in a solution of warm water and a mild soap for 15 minutes; then pat your feet dry and apply a cream made by mixing a few drops of lemon juice into Vaseline till it seeps into the fissures completely.
- Alternatively, you could also apply hydrogenated vegetable oil on your heels every night before going to bed.
- A paste made by mixing molten paraffin wax and mustard oil may also be used as a foot cream.
Following any of these remedial measures regularly for a fortnight brings about a marked improvement in the condition of your heels.
Since the deficiency of nutrients like calcium, vitamin E, zinc, omega 3’s and fatty acids also lead to heel fissures your diet should include food items rich in these. Milk and dairy products provide calcium, cereals and whole grains vitamin E, fish, chicken and eggs iron, crabs and oysters zinc, and flax seeds omega 3’s.Besides these, always keep your feet away from dust and dirt, and regularly exfoliate your heels using a pumice stone.